Consortium for Energy Policy Research at Harvard

ENERGY POLICY COURSES OFFERED AT BOSTON-AREA UNIVERSITIES

Academic Year 2014-2015

Please note: This course guide contains abbreviated information for browsing purposes. Please follow links to the Harvard course catalogue for complete information on courses and enrollment requirments.
Harvard University
Spring 2015 courses

Advanced Economics of Environment, Natural Resources, and Climate Change
Faculty of Arts and Sciences
Martin L. Weitzman
Spring 2015
Description:
Survey of foundations and applications of the modern theory of environmental and natural-resource economics. What are the basic models and what are they suggesting about policy? Externalities, public goods, common property, strategies for controlling pollution. Dynamics of renewable resources (fisheries, forestry) and dynamics of non-renewable resources (minerals like oil). Discounting, uncertainty, cost-benefit analysis, investment criteria for environmental projects, green accounting, sustainability. Basic economic analysis of climate change as prototype example.

Applied Physics 346 - Energy Storage System Analysis
 (35431) 
Faculty of Arts and Sciences   
David Keith
 
Spring 2015   

Behavioral Economics and Public Policy
 (API-304) 
Harvard Kennedy School
Bridgitte Madrian
Spring 2015
Description: This course will examine the relationship between behavioral economics and public policy. Individuals frequently make decisions that systematically depart from the predictions of standard economic models. Behavioral economics attempts to understand these departures by integrating an understanding of the psychology of human behavior into economic analysis. The course will review the major themes of behavioral economics and address the implications for public policy in a wide variety of domains, including: retirement savings, social security, labor markets, household borrowing (credit cards, mortgages, payday lending), education, energy use, health care, addiction, organ donation, tax collection and compliance, and social welfare programs.

Behavioral Economics, Law and Public Policy (API-305) 
Harvard Kennedy School
Cass Sunstein
Spring 2015
Description: This seminar will explore a series of issues at the intersection of behavioral economics and public policy. Potential questions will involve climate change; energy efficiency; health care; and basic rights. There will be some discussion of paternalism and the implications of neuroscience as well. Also offered by the Law School as 2589 and the Economics Department as Ec 2050. Permission of the instructor is required. To apply, please send a statement of interest and your resume by October 31 to Kevin Doyle at kdoyle@law.harvard.edu.

Building Simulation
Harvard Graduate School of Design
Ali Malkawi
Spring 2015
Description:Simulation is the process of making a simplified model of some complex system and using it to predict the behavior of the original system. During the past two decades, advancements in computer technology made it possible for building simulation to be part of the design process. The course will introduce computational modeling theory, its complexity and techniques. Specific focus will be on how existing computational tools can be used during various stages of the design process. The Blackbox vs transparent simulations use will be explained and learned to illustrate their limitations and potential to design. The course will provide students with 1) An understanding of building simulation methods and their underlying principles 2) Hands-on experience in using environmental computer simulation models.
State-of-the-art computer models for thermal, ventilation (Computational Fluid Dynamics) and solar analysis will be introduced. Innovative techniques on how to use these models in architectural design will be explored. A building will be analyzed throughout the semester in the following areas:
Climate and Site Analysis
Ventilation and Air Flow
Thermal and Energy Systems
Design Integration

Built Envir and Human Energy
 (ID539-01) 
Harvard School of Public Health   
Enrique Cifuentes, Anne Lusk, Walter C. Willett and Jack T. Dennerlein 
Spring 2015
Description: At the completion of this course, students will have an understanding of different built environments and human energy expenditure in those environments. As two examples, parks provide mental and social benefits but many park users have low human energy expenditure (sports spectators, slow walkers, park bench sitters, etc.). In contrast to parks, bicyclists in bicycle environments have higher energy expenditure. During this course, measures such as Health Impact Assessments (HIA) and policies such as Complete Streets will be studied to assess whether high human energy expenditure was considered. Through the students’ understanding of the built environment and human energy expenditure measures such as METs, students will understand the ways of translating information on obesity, physical activity, and health into practice effectively. The course is intended for undergraduate students, graduate students, and individuals interested in the design of the built environment. Those enrolled may be interested in environmental health, landscape architecture, park design, exercise physiology, public health, urban planning, government, engineering, METs, human energy expenditure measures, HIA, and walking and bicycling in all populations. The focus will be on creating urban forms with high human energy expenditure to lessen obesity, diabetes, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, and cancer. This course is intended to fully address health and obesity reduction through the built environment in more ways than only recommending that individuals engage in physical activity. Course Activities: Discussion, lectures, guest lectures, writing 3 three page double-spaced papers that culminate in one final paper that is a collection of the 3 papers, a design charrette, and delivering short presentations. Materials include readings, websites, webcams, and video clips.

The Changing Geopolitics of Energy
Harvard Extension School
Nadiya Kravets
Spring 2015
Description: Consistent access to cheap energy resources has been the defining factor of economic success and development. Securing access and an affordable price has driven and continues to drive global competition among the greatest energy consuming powers while energy producers, on the other hand, attempt to leverage their energy power to achieve political aims. This course examines international relations from the perspective of competition and at times cooperation for access and distribution of energy resources around the globe. During the course of the semester we examine topics such as the politics of Middle Eastern energy supplies and US dependence on the Middle East, the competition for the Caspian and Central Asian energy resources, Chinese energy presence in Africa, Latin American energy markets and competition, and European and North American energy markets. We also dedicate time to the discussion of new energy market innovations beginning to fundamentally challenge the traditional oil and gas contracts, such as the mining of unconventional oil and gas, gas liquefaction and its effects on market structure and price, and the environmental effects of new types of energy mining techniques.

 

Controversies in Climate, Energy, and the Media: Improving Public Communication (IGA-451M)
Harvard Kennedy School
Cristine Russell
Spring Mod 3 2015
Description: The media play a unique role in shaping public understanding, policy, and political debate about controversial climate, energy, and environmental issues around the world. However, as mainstream news outlets shrink, the Internet provides a growing global megaphone for confusing and often contradictory information and opinion. This course is designed to help students navigate the rapidly changing media landscape, using examples from current global energy and environmental debates. Media topics include climate change and extreme weather; science and climate denialism; the natural gas revolution and fracking; the Keystone XL pipeline; energy, climate and development; renewable energy; nuclear power; and new technologies. Analyses of media coverage will examine how complex policy issues (involving environmental, health and economic risks/benefits) become polarized and how public communication could be improved. Increasingly, all professionals in the public and private sectors, by choice or necessity, need to become better communicators in conventional and social media. Practical communication, writing and media strategies/skills will include a class blog and role-play exercise. Guest speakers add real-world perspectives. Lessons from this course apply readily to other public policy issues as well.

Earth and Planetary Sciences 22—The Fluid Earth: Oceans, Atmosphere, Climate, and Environment
Faculty of Arts and Sciences
Peter John Huybers and Ann Pearson
Spring 2015
Description: This course introduces students to the fluid Earth, emphasizing Earth's weather and climate, the carbon cycle, and global environmental change. The physical concepts necessary for understanding the structure, motion and energy balance of the atmosphere, ocean, and cryosphere are covered first, and then these concepts are applied in exploring major earth processes. Examples from Earth's past history, on-going changes in the climate, and implications for the future are highlighted.

Earth and Planetary Sciences 231 – Climate Dynamics
Faculty of Arts and Sciences
Eli Tziperman
Spring 2015
Description: Climate and climate variability phenomena and dynamical mechanisms over multiple time scales, using dynamical system tools and a hierarchical modeling approach. Energy balance and greenhouse, El Nino, thermohaline circulation, abrupt climate change, millennial variability (DO and Heinrich events), glacial-interglacial cycles, warm past climates including the Pliocene (2-5 Myrs) and Eocene (50 Myrs). Needed background in stochastic and nonlinear dynamics will be covered.

Economics 1620 – Industry Structure, Strategy, and Public Policy
Faculty of Arts and Sciences
F.M. Scherer
Spring 2015
Description: Provides a systematic economic and historical framework for evaluating industrial policies such as agricultural crop price supports, international dumping and subsidy rules, energy policy, technology policy, competition policy (antitrust), public regulation, and corporate bailouts. It proceeds through a series of 10 industry case studies, in order: agriculture, crude petroleum, petroleum refining, steel, integrated circuits, computers, the Internet, automobiles, pharmaceuticals (domestic and international), and beer.

Economics 2050 – Behavioral Economics, Law and Public Policy
Faculty of Arts and Sciences
Cass Robert Sunstein
Spring 2015
Description:
This seminar will explore a series of issues at the intersection of behavioral economics and public policy. Potential questions will involve climate change; energy efficiency; health care; and basic rights. There will be some discussion of paternalism and the implications of neuroscience as well.

Energy (1105-Section 00)
Harvard Business School – MBA Program
Forest Reinhardt and Richard Vietor
Spring 2015
Description: Not posted.

Energy and Climate Law and Policy
Harvard Law School
Jody Freeman
Spring 2015
Description: This seminar integrates traditional U.S. energy law with U.S. climate law. Topics covered include: federal and state laws governing electricity regulation and transmission; coal, natural gas, nuclear and renewable power; energy efficiency; federal climate policy under the Clean Air Act; oil and alternatives to oil for the transportation sector; state clean energy programs; and energy security. The materials will raise interesting questions about the federalism, regulatory design, economic, and technological challenges in this space, and will push students to confront the obstacles to aligning the (sometimes) conflicting goals of energy and environmental policy. The animating question for the course is: what legal infrastructure is necessary to facilitate a transition to cleaner energy, while controlling costs, ensuring system resilience, and protecting national security?

Energy and the Environment
Harvard Extension School
Petros Koutrakis, Ramon Sanchez, and Zachary D. Zevitas
Spring 2015
Description: This course examines the relationship between energy and the environment in our global society. It analyzes the driving forces that influence the production and consumption of energy to evaluate their impacts on environmental quality, human health, and social equity. At the end of this course students are able to understand and assess the pros and cons of conventional and renewable energy systems, issues surrounding new transportation technologies, energy intensity of food production, effects of supply chain management and international commerce in energy security, energy management in buildings, and the mechanisms needed to evolve into sustainable energy operations in the green economy for the twenty-first century. Topics include natural gas, fracking, the concept of clean coal, carbon sequestration and storage projects, the rise of solar and wind power, biofuels production, hybrid and electric vehicles, sustainable transportation technologies, green buildings, and energy used in organic farming.

Engineering Sciences 229 – Survey of Energy Technology
Faculty of Arts and Sciences
David Keith
Spring 2015
Description: Principles governing energy generation and interconversion. Current and projected world energy use. Selected important current and anticipated future technologies for energy generation, interconversion, storage, and end usage.

Engineering Sciences 231 – Energy Technology
Faculty of Arts and Sciences
David Keith
Spring 2015
Description: Principles governing energy generation and interconversion. Current and projected world energy use. Selected important current and anticipated future technologies for energy generation, interconversion, storage, and end usage.

Engineering Sciences 6 – Environmental Science and Technology
Faculty of Arts and Sciences
Scot T. Martin and Patrick D. Ulrich
Spring 2015
Description: An introduction to the role of technology in the environmental sciences, with foci on energy and water topics. The basic scientific principles underlying human use and control of the environment are emphasized. The course includes several field trips.

Environmental Impact Assessment for Sustainable Programs
Harvard Extension School
Joseph Michael Hunt
Spring 2015
Description: The course provides an overview of environmental assessment to design, evaluate, and replicate sustainable projects and programs. The course develops the tools to assess natural resources protection, improvements in population health, positive social impacts and poverty reduction, and economic appraisal that includes sustainability measures at least cost. Students practice assessment methods at project and strategic levels. Integrated assessment using all methods focuses on the energy and water sectors, applying both project and program analysis. At course end, students apply practical methods that inform prudent investment decisions and support economic growth, social development, and environmental sustainability.

Environmental Law and Policy Clinic
Harvard Law School
Wendy B. Jacobs
Spring 2015
Description: The Emmett Environmental Law and Policy Clinic (ELPC) offers students an opportunity to do hands-on, meaningful, real-life, and real-time environmental regulatory, policy and advocacy work. Clinic offerings include local, national, and international projects covering the spectrum of environmental issues, under the leadership of Director and Clinical Professor Wendy Jacobs. Clinic students work on policy projects and white papers, regulatory and statutory drafting and comments, manuals and guidance to help non-lawyers identify and protect their rights, litigation and advocacy work, including developing case strategies, research and drafting briefs (filed in state and federal courts, including the U.S. Supreme Court), preparing witnesses and their testimony, meeting with clients and attending and presenting at administrative and court hearings. Our clients include state and municipal governments, non-governmental organizations, advocacy and community groups, and research and policy institutions. The subject matter varies each semester, but is likely to include climate change mitigation and adaptation, offshore drilling and water protection, sustainable agriculture/aquaculture, ethics in the study of human exposure to environmental contaminants, and development of legal frameworks for emerging technologies such as carbon capture and sequestration, extraction of natural gas by hydraulic fracturing, and green infrastructure for management of stormwater.

Environmental Science and Public Policy 11 – Sustainable Development
Faculty of Arts and Sciences
William C. Clark
Spring 2015
Description: Explores contemporary understandings and practical implications of the idea of sustainable development. Investigates the meanings and measures that different groups have given to "sustainable development;" scientific understanding of the complex social-environmental systems we seek to develop sustainably; and lessons on how societies have avoided the "tragedy of the commons" while instituting practical action that advances sustainable development effectively and equitably. Employs case studies in development to meet needs for energy, food, water and health.

Environmental Systems in Architecture
Harvard Graduate School of Design
Holly Samuelson
Spring 2015
Description: The primary focus of GSD 6125 is the study of ecological considerations in architectural design. These considerations include the thermal, luminous, and acoustic behavior of buildings. The course examines the basic scientific principles underlying these phenomena and introduces students to a range of technologies and analysis techniques for designing comfortable indoor environments. Students are challenged to apply these techniques and explore the role energy, light, sound, water, and materials can play in shaping architecture.

Students gain a better understanding of global resource issues and the role of buildings within this context. The course also presents the principles of heat flow in and around buildings. Basic manual and computer-based methods to predict the energy performance of buildings are discussed. In addition, the course introduces the art and science of lighting buildings along with manual and computer-based methods for analyzing daylight design. Finally, the instructor touches upon a number of technologies and ecological concepts including natural ventilation, life cycle assessment, site considerations as well as conventional and emerging HVAC systems.

Forms of Energy: Nonmodern
Harvard Graduate School of Design
Kiel Moe
Spring 2015
Description:  The spring 2015 Forms of Energy focuses on Nonmodern Forms of Energy and Design. Nonmodern refers to those forms and formations of energy that are not modern in their constitution. A Nonmodern constitution for energy begins with the implications of the second law of thermodynamics: the non-isolated propensities and capacities of our far-from-equilibrium world wherein form emerges to dissipate energy in the most powerful ways possible. Whether archaic or contemporary, a Nonmodern formation of energy maximizes its intake, transformation, and feedback of matter and energy in landscape/architecture/urbanization systems by design. This involves forms of energy that reflect how the aggregation of small scale systems reinforces large scale systems, and vice versa. This eschews the parochialism of modern system boundaries and methodologies for energy and thereby imagines more totalizing and deliriously vital alternatives to the by now recidivist posture of Modern methods for energy. Students will examine a swath of intellectual history, ranging from the ancients to the contemporary, and construct a genealogy of the intellectual tools by which people in history have attempted to quantify, qualify, understand, and manipulate forms of energy. In parallel, the course will look closely at several Nonmodern exemplars to illustrate their design, behaviors, and principles. Through the course we will collectively develop a Nonmodern praxis for energy in architecture, landscape architecture, and urbanization. Readings coupled with group research projects focused on the rich articulation of a Nonmodern example (e.g., the buildings and infrastructure of medieval Persia) will together develop a discourse and an Atlas of Nonmodern Design. Using a technical but humanist framework in understanding large and small forms of energy, this course will question the current technocratic mindset of the design professions, and carefully consider the intellectual legacy of the practice of building that existed prior, and after, to the radical transformations that occurred during modernization and industrialization. M.Arch, MLA, MAUD, MLAUD, DDes, and MDes Energy & Environments, ULE, Critical Conservation, Technology, and Risk & Resilience students are well suited for this course. A mixture of these students would be welcome and ideal.

Freshman Seminar 27k – Energy: Be the Change
Faculty of Arts and Sciences
Mara Prentiss
Spring 2015
Description: Energy use underpins much of our current global society, but there is widespread agreement that our current energy use cannot continue. We will explore physical, economic, social, governmental, and spiritual aspects of our current energy consumption. We will then consider what drives people to propose change. Finally, we will consider what changes we ourselves propose should be made during the next 1 year, 5 year, and 20 year period. Students will pick at least one change and describe how that change could be made, including considering losses that will be required for that change to be realized.

Fundamentals of Environmental Economics and Policy
Harvard Kennedy School and Faculty of Arts and Sciences
Robert Stavins
Spring 2015
Description: Provides a survey, from the perspective of economics, of public policy issues associated with environmental protection and natural resources management. Lectures on conceptual and methodological topics are combined with examinations of specific resource and environmental issues, with particular focus on global climate change economics and policy. Prerequisite: Introductory microeconomics. Also offered by the Economics Department as Ec 1661.

The Geopolitics of Energy
Harvard Kennedy School
Meghan O’Sullivan
Spring 2015
Description: The Geopolitics of Energy examines the intersection between international security, politics, and energy. The course begins with the recognition that energy has long been a major determinant of power in the international system and that every shift in global energy patterns has brought with it changes in international politics. IGA-412 explores how countries shape their grand strategies to meet their energy needs, as well as how such actions have implications for other countries and global politics. It looks at pressing contemporary issues related to peak oil, political reform and energy, pipeline politics, and the aggressive pursuit of oil and gas worldwide. The course also looks at new technologies and innovations - such as those making the extraction of shale gas economical or the growth of solar power - and how they are changing patterns of trades and could shape new alliances. Finally, IGA-412 considers the consequences of a successful shift away from petroleum based economies to anticipate how a new energy order will alter global politics in fundamental ways.

Global Climate Change: The Science, Social Impact, and Diplomacy of a World Environmental Crisis
Harvard Extension School
William R. Moomaw and Timothy C. Weiskel
Spring 2015
Description: This course introduces students to the science of climate change, drawing attention to the latest research and evolving pattern of scientific data on climate that has emerged in recent years. In addition, emphasis is given to analyzing the social changes and adaptations that human communities have already made and those they will most likely have to make as the Earth's climate continues to change in the coming years. Special attention is given to the diplomatic efforts that have been launched since the creation of the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) in 1992.

Government 94ym – The Politics of Climate Change
Faculty of Arts and Sciences
Cheryl Brown Welch and Yascha Mounk
Description: This course examines the political challenges posed by global warming from both an empirical and a normative perspective. Drawing on a broad array of readings, we investigate why the global community has done so little to combat climate change; what kinds of domestic and international institutions we need to coordinate our response to global warming; whether we should prioritize mitigation or adaptation; and what a just response to climate change might look like.

Green Politics and Public Policy in a Global Age
Harvard Kennedy School
Muriel Rouyer
Spring Mod3 2015
Description: Environmental issues have become increasingly significant in democratic politics and are now a salient issue of global politics, both at the inter-state and transnational levels. This module focuses on the ways that different democratic polities are adapting to green, global concerns. What is the state of international negotiations about so-called green policies? What roles can markets and institutions play? At what scale (local, national, federal, or supranational) are green policies most effectively executed? This module will identify the political challenges and dilemmas posed by green policies in democracies, discuss the best green policy tools in national, sub-national, and international contexts, and focus on the transnational venues of environmental activism and green policies that have developed recently around the world, with specific case studies from America and Europe.

Health & Global Environment
Harvard School of Public Health
Aaron Bernstein
Spring 2 2015
Description: Human activity is changing the atmosphere and altering terrestrial marine ecosystems on a global scale. Evidence is mounting that these changes may already be having serious effects on human health, and there is growing concern that in coming decades the effects could be catastrophic. This course was developed because the practice of public health in this century will require an understanding of the relationship between human health and the global environment. It will provide an overview of climate change and biodiversity loss, two key examples of global environmental change, their potential consequences for human health, and explore solutions to these problems and the challenges inherent in realizing those solutions. The course will be open to all students at Harvard University, but enrollment is limited and preference will be given to students from Harvard Medical School, the Harvard School of Public Health, the Kennedy School of government, and to undergraduate Environmental Science Public Policy majors.

High Performance Buildings for Health, Comfort, and Sustainability
Harvard Extension School
John D. Spengler and Jose Guillermo Cedeno Laurent
Description: Today, green buildings mean high-performance structures in terms of energy and material resource consumption while providing superior satisfaction to their occupants. To meet these challenges, building professionals must incorporate sustainability criteria in every aspect of the design, construction, and operation. This course covers basic physical principles (buoyancy forces, heat transfer, daylighting) that determine building operation and human interactions with light, noise, thermal comfort, and indoor air quality. Further understanding of these concepts is reinforced with field trips and hands-on measurements of indoor environmental parameters. Students learn design principles and state of the art tools for the design of high-performance green buildings. The course includes case studies and experiences from building practitioners who have successfully incorporated sustainability features in historic and contemporary structures.

Human Health and Global Environmental Change
Harvard Extension School
Aaron Bernstein and Jonathan Buonocore
Spring 2015
Description: Human activity is changing the atmosphere and altering terrestrial and marine ecosystems on a global scale. Evidence is mounting that these changes may already be having serious effects on human health, and there is growing concern that in coming decades the effects could be catastrophic. This course was developed because the practice of public health in this century requires an understanding of the relationship between human health and the global environment. It provides an overview of climate change and biodiversity loss, two key examples of global environmental change, their potential consequences for human health, and explores solutions to these problems and the challenges inherent in realizing those solutions. The recorded lectures are from the Harvard School of Public Health course Environmental Health 278-02, which meets March 24-May 14.Registration deadlines differ from the full academic calendar. The registration deadline is March 10. The late registration, 100% tuition refund, course and credit status changes deadline is March 31. There is no 50% refund. The withdrawal deadline is April 27.

Industry Structure, Strategy, and Public Policy
Harvard Kennedy School
F.M. Scherer
Spring 2015
Description: Provides a systematic economic and historical framework for evaluating industrial policies such as agricultural crop price supports, international dumping and subsidy rules, energy policy, technology policy, competition policy (antitrust), public regulation, and corporate bailouts. It proceeds through a series of 10 industry case studies, in order: agriculture, crude petroleum, petroleum refining, steel, integrated circuits, computers, the Internet, automobiles, pharmaceuticals (domestic and international), and beer. Grading will be on the basis of two short "policy papers" and a final examination. A longer industry study can be substituted for the final exam. Also offered by the Economics Department as Ec 1620.

Management, Finance, and Regulation of Public Infrastructure in Developing Countries
Harvard Kennedy School
Henry Lee
Spring 2015
Description: This course will explore efforts to manage, finance, and regulate the transportation, telecommunication, water, sanitation, and energy infrastructure systems in developing countries. Issues to be discussed include public-private partnerships, the fundamentals of project finance, contract and discretionary regulation, and managing the political context in which infrastructure decisions are made. The course will rely on case material taken from infrastructure programs in developing countries, including Brazil, Mexico, Thailand, Laos, Argentina, Chile, Lesotho, Uganda, Madagascar, and India, as well as some developed countries, including the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia.

Measure, Report, Reduce: Practical Methods for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Management
Harvard Extension School
Richard Goode and Marlon Robert Banta
Spring 2015
Description:  A new field of greenhouse gas emissions management has emerged, which specializes in helping institutions and corporations identify and mitigate their contributions to climate change. This course builds the skills needed to conduct a greenhouse gas inventory, and reviews the tools and strategies necessary to set and achieve a carbon reduction goal.

Political Economy of Oil and Mining Resources in Developing Countries
Harvard Kennedy School
Francisco Monaldi
Spring 2015
Description: This course evaluates the political and economic determinants of oil and mineral resource policies in developing countries and their impact on world markets, the interaction between states and extractive industries, the challenges of resource wealth management, and the causal links between resource abundance/dependency and development, institutions, and regime type. Questions to be discussed include: Why has resource nationalism been on the rise again? Why are there such high rents in oil and mineral extraction? Why is there such a significant variation in domestic pricing policies? What are the political and economic consequences of volatile resource prices? Is there a resource curse? Do mineral rents hinder democracy and development? What is the effect of mineral dependence on institutions? Which institutions can help to make mineral wealth a blessing? The first part of the course centers on the political economy of the oil and mineral industry, markets, and policies. The second part focuses on the consequences of resource dependence for development and democracy. Although the main focus is on oil, other mineral resources are also considered and compared to renewable natural resources.

Psychology 1508 – How to Nudge: Using Social Psychology and Decision Science to Change Behavior and Policy
Faculty of Arts and Sciences
Martin V. Day
Spring 2015
Description: How do you get people to waste less energy, save more money, and eat healthier? How do you encourage people to vote, stay in school, and drive safer? In this course you will learn relevant social psychology and decision science, as well as a promising new methodology useful for motivating and nudging people's behaviors to reduce or solve specific problems in organizations and society. By succeeding in this class you will gain identifiable skills that are applicable beyond the classroom (e.g., to improve programs, policies, organizational practices), in a variety of settings (e.g., health, education, law, public policy, business, and the environment).

Science of the Physical Universe 31 – Energy Resources and the Environment
Faculty of Arts and Sciences
John H. Shaw
Spring 2015
Description:
The course provides an overview of the energy resources that we use to sustain our global economies, and explores the impact of these activities on our environment. We address the full life cycle of each energy resource, including its origins, methods used to explore for and exploit it, how it is used in our economies, and the environmental impacts of these activities. Topics include coal, petroleum (conventional and unconventional), nuclear power, geothermal systems, and renewable energy options (hydro, tidal, solar, wind power). Lectures and labs will introduce students to data and methods used in these energy and environmental sectors.

Seminar on Environmental Economics and Policy
Harvard Kennedy School
Robert Stavins and Martin Weitzman
Full Year 2014-2015
Description: This is an advanced research seminar on selected topics in environmental and resource economics. Emphasizes theoretical models, quantitative empirical analysis, and public policy applications. Includes presentations by invited outside speakers. Students prepare critiques of presented papers and prepare a research paper of their own. Prerequisites: This course is intended primarily for PhD students in economics, political economy and government, public policy, or related fields with interests in applications in the environmental and natural resource area. Prerequisites include a graduate-level course in microeconomic theory, such as Econ. 2010a, Econ 2020a, API-109, API-110, or permission of instructor.

Social Studies 981c – Global Climate Change
Faculty of Arts and Sciences
Lauren Nicole Coyle
Spring 2015
Description: Global scientific communities now widely regard climate change as one of the most pressing challenges to our present and future. This course draws upon interdisciplinary debates to examine the ways in which global climate change generates complications for notions of environmental governance, political community, sovereignty, economic development, demographic stability, eco-sociality, cultural vitality, and sustainability. The course also examines broader legal, political, and policy discussions, along with signal agreements that have surfaced on the global stage. Throughout our discussions, we will attend to geopolitical stakes, strategic economic interests, and various visions for alternative political and environmental futures for global society.

Survey of Energy Technology (at SEAS)
Harvard Graduate School of Design
David Keith
Spring 2015
Description: Principles governing energy generation and interconversion. Current and projected world energy use. Selected important current and anticipated future technologies for energy generation, interconversion, storage, and end usage.

Sustainable Business and Technology
Harvard Extension School
Ramon Sanchez, Matthew Gardner, and Catlin Powers
Spring 2015
Description: With the increased awareness of the impact that business and economic activity have on our planet, we are seeing a boom in entrepreneurial activity premised on social responsibility, environmental friendliness, energy efficiency, and other sustainability-related attributes. This course seeks to examine the trends in green business, and to identify which activities are based on enduring principles and which are likely to be fleeting. Through conversations with local entrepreneurs, case studies, and lectures, this course provides students with an introduction to the principles of sustainable business, and the opportunity to look at a variety of new businesses, business models, and technologies that may play a role in an energy- and resource-constrained future.

Territorial Intelligence in Landscapes of Production
Harvard Graduate School of Design
Luis Valenzuela
Spring 2015
Description: In this millennium of intense urbanization, design and its value will strengthen around the assurance of data gathering and its argumentation as evidence of complex territory?s spatial problems. Design?s new challenges are not confined to aesthetics, but must also address the capacities and tools of design and knowledge of the complex nature of problems. Urban planning and design must find adequate responses that utilize new instruments and measurements to cognize these challenges, while acknowledging that building evidence is ever more critical to achieving genuine progresses towards real and effective problem solving.

The seminar will pursue such issues in the city of Calama in the Chilean Atacama Desert, where emerging economies have resulted in the incremental accumulation of social/spatial problems. Calama is the gateway for the world?s copper and other minerals, yet is home to the lowest life-quality standards in Chile. Once a large urban oasis, this area of Chile is today minimized and menaced. In 2011 the Elemental, led by Alejandro Aravena, delivered the Calama Sustainable Urban Plan, a proposal for coping with the historical deficit in investment. The seminar seeks, through territorial intelligence evidence based design, the diverse and distinctive dimensions for functional landscapes of production, through the following research domains:

  • Global and Indigenous Economic Development: the paradox of a territory stressed between the most profitable extraction global businesses spatially linked to local indigenous people caught in the struggle for development.
  • Built Environment and Resilience: infrastructures and structures have progressively moved toward resilient or non-responsive territorial outcomes before the processes and services of extraction.
  • Socio Cultural Conflicts and Patterns: the uneven geography of growth within extraction settings, where the real needs of daily life in local contexts are permanently submerged under the mining boom.
  • Energy and the Urban Environment: the provision of energy for the production of extraction and the subsequent urban environment degraded condition has remained largely invisible.
  • Infrastructures and Mobility: extraction requires impressive infrastructure provisions and increasing services mobility for the most extreme industrial processes of extraction.

 

The seminar looks to provide new insights and foster innovations into an evidence-driven approach to territorial critical questions through a spatial analysis and GIS-integrated applications workshop and a pending research field trip to Calama and Santiago, Chile. Calama and its surrounding territory will serve as the landscapes of production for exploring answers to the increasing and foremost stresses to territories of development, and will result in a future collaborative publication with participants and guest scholars.

Territorial Organization Beyond Agglomeration: Towards an Atlas of the Global Hinterland
Harvard Graduate School of Design
Nikolaos Katsikis
Spring 2015
Description:
This research seminar starts with an understanding of urbanization as a process of generalized territorial organization where cities, metropolises, megalopolises are the focal points in the utilization of the whole earth by humans. Building upon the agenda of Planetary Urbanization - under development at Urban Theory Lab GSD - the seminar will try to investigate how the global system of agglomerations although occupying no more than 3% of the planetary terrain, are responsible, through their multi-scalar metabolic interdependencies, for the organization of most of the 75% of the earth’s surface currently used. The goal of the seminar will be to challenge the agency of designers to systematically engage with, spatialize and chart the organizational contours of this rather obscure `global hinterland: the patterns, typologies, distribution and equipment of specialized landscapes of production, extraction and waste disposal and their logistical coordination through dense infrastructural networks into global commodity chains.

The seminar is structured around two pillars, one aiming to unpack conceptual and methodological challenges and a second emphasizing on the development of a critical cartographic attitude. Weekly themes will range from an overview of seminal historical and contemporary examples in which design disciplines have tried to deal with the organization of world resources and land use (B. McKaye, R.B. Fuller, C.A Doxiadis, recently OMA report); to contemporary strands of research that can help grasp the structure and organizational complexity of the global hinterland. With a steady reference to the emerging agenda of Planetary Urbanization and especially the concept of operational landscapes, the seminar will draw from scholarship in critical and economic geography, environmental studies, Global Commodity Chains, Global Production Networks and Large Technical Systems. It will address issues of uneven development, geopolitics, and technological and geographical determinism and bring them in dialogue with recent preoccupations of designers to engage with increasingly larger contexts. In parallel, the seminar will introduce advancements in geographic information systems and experiment with cartographic techniques that make such an investigation possible, but also critically address their blindspots and limitations.

The seminar requires active engagement with weekly readings and discussions as well as a semester-long cartographic research project around a specific territory and resource crucial in the global system of exchange (food, minerals, energy) that will trace the possibility of an Atlas of the Global Hinterland.



Harvard University
Fall 2014 courses


carbonurbanism 
DES 0333800 – Section 00 
Harvard Graduate School of Design   

Chris Reed 
Fall 2014    
Description:
Carbon C is ubiquitous—it is one of the primary elements supporting life on earth, the fourth most abundant element in the universe, and it makes up 18.5% of the human body. Global economies have increasingly relied on carbon-based resources since the industrial revolution (fuel, plastics, paving, building materials, etc.), and its steady increase in release into the atmosphere is one of the major contributing factors to climate change. From the EPA: “Carbon dioxide is naturally present in the atmosphere as part of the Earth's carbon cycle (the natural circulation of carbon among the atmosphere, oceans, soil, plants, and animals). Human activities are altering the carbon cycle—both by adding more CO2 to the atmosphere and by influencing the ability of natural sinks, like forests, to remove CO2 from the atmosphere. While CO2 emissions come from a variety of natural sources, human-related emissions are responsible for the increase that has occurred in the atmosphere since the industrial revolution.”

Within the discussions on sustainability, energy neutrality, etc., few have probed the relevance of or development of a carbon-based framework for framing and informing individual projects or—more appropriately—the broader projects of urbanism. Our work in this research seminar will do just this:

· what are the implications of a carbon-based future?
· how do we define and measure such a thing?
· what are its implications for how we live? and for how our urban systems and networks are conceived and realized?

The work in the seminar will be very much research-oriented, student-project-based, and both analytical and projective. Initial seminar sessions will focus on broad-based topical approaches to urbanism, infrastructure, ecology, and landscape, and will be supplemented by workshops and tutorials on dynamic modeling software.

The primary thrust of the seminar will be student-generated research projects based around a topical interest, an in-depth study of the carbon- and infrastructure-based systems of particular representative places (Dallas, Miami, Barcelona, etc.), or the representation and digital modeling of those systems and dynamics. It is anticipated that some of the work may also be included on a new research website and/or public exhibitions that will be underway in the fall.

Students from MDesS, architecture, landscape architecture, and UPD are all encouraged to participate.

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Climate Engineering: Science, Technology, and Policy
Harvard Kennedy School (IGA-409) and MIT
David Keith, Steven Barrett
Fall 2014
Description: An introductory course bringing rigorous analysis to bear on the emerging global challenge of climate engineering. Important in its own right, geoengineering—the deliberate alteration of the earth’s climate—also provides a new lens with which to view climate science and policy. A gram of aerosol in the stratosphere can offset the warming effect of a ton of carbon dioxide, a factor of a million to one. This is roughly the same factor by which nuclear explosives overpower conventional bombs. Like nuclear weapons climate engineering technologies present an extraordinary governance challenge in a divided world. The course is jointly offered by the faculty at Harvard Kennedy School and MIT.  It introduces climate change, climate engineering, and climate policy assuming no prior knowledge of these topics. The course is intended for professional school students or graduate students. Confidence with mathematics and physical science at the freshman level is assumed. The course will have a substantial quantitative component, about two thirds of the content will be science and technology and one third will be public policy.

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Consulting in Teams for Sustainability Solutions 
ENVR E-599a (14533) 
Harvard Extension School   
William O'Brien MBA, JD, Visiting Lecturer, Graduate School of Management, Clark University 

Fall 2014    
Description:
The course imparts knowledge and skills for planning sustainability projects and
developing solutions for organizations including small businesses, nonprofits, or local townships. Sustainability solutions refer to a student team working with a client to develop and deliver a customized, actionable plan with the goals of reducing operating costs, minimizing the environmental footprint, and improving environmental sustainability. Typical areas of focus include energy efficiency, water conservation, waste reduction, supply chain management, green IT, transportation, and a process for organizational change. Opportunities are identified and initiatives developed in collaboration with the client for both the short term and long term. Deliverables include a sustainability action plan and a presentation to client stakeholders.

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Contemporary Issues in Oil and Gas Law: Fracking, Takings, Pipelines, and Regulation 
Harvard Law School   
Katherine E. Konschnik 
Fall 2014    
Description:
This Reading Group will explore hot legal issues in oil and gas law relating to public health, environmental quality, fair compensation for public natural resources, and eminent domain for public utilities. The goal of the Reading Group is to provide an overview of energy law and to demonstrate how this rich subject interacts with many other areas of law. We will also apply problem-solving skills in our discussions of often contentious topics, and think about how to represent clients in these settings or craft creative policy solutions and management strategies.
We will meet for six two-hour sessions. After a brief introduction to oil and gas activity in the United States, the group will tackle four legal topics - chemical disclosure, royalty transparency on public lands, methane emissions from the natural gas sector, and pipeline siting - in an informal, interactive setting. Students will be responsible for the readings, to ensure robust class discussions.

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Earth and Planetary Sciences 109. Earth Resources and the Environment
Faculty of Arts and Sciences Catalog Number 2218
For Undergraduates and Graduates
John H. Shaw
Fall Term
Description: An overview of the Earth's energy and material resources. Following introductions to hydrocarbons, nuclear fuels, and other economically important ores, the course emphasizes methods used to exploit these resources and the environmental impacts of these operations. Topics include: coal and acid rain; petroleum, photochemical smog, and oil spills; nuclear power and radioactive hazards; alternative energies; metals and mining. Labs emphasize methods for discovering and exploiting resources, as well as environmental remediation approaches.
Note: Given in alternate years. This course, when taken for a letter grade, meets the General Education requirement for Science of the Physical Universe.
Prerequisites: EPS 21, ES 6, or equivalent courses and permission of the instructor.

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Earth and Planetary Sciences 208. Physics of Climate
Faculty of Arts and Sciences Catalog Number 6561
Zhiming Kuang
Primarily for Graduates
Fall Term
Description: Overview of the basic features of the climate system (global energy balance, atmospheric general circulation, ocean circulation, and climate variability) and the underlying physical processes.
Prerequisites: Applied Mathematics 105 (may be taken concurrently), Physics 11a, b or 15; or permission of the instructor.

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Earth and Planetary Sciences 239. The Consequences of Energy Systems
Faculty of Arts and Sciences Catalog Number: 98708
Daniel P. Schrag
Primarily for Graduates
Fall Term
Description: This course provides an introduction to the physical and chemical impacts of energy choices on human society and natural ecosystems. Topics will include the carbon cycle, climate, air and water pollution, impacts of energy systems on health, land use consequences of energy technologies, and nuclear waste and proliferation.
Note: This course is a requirement for the Graduate Consortium on Energy and Environment.
Prerequisites: College level chemistry and physics and permission of instructor.

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Electricity Market Design
API-166
Harvard Kennedy School
William W. Hogan
Fall Term
Description: Topics in electricity market design starting from the foundations of coordination for competition.  Infrastructure investment, Resource Adequacy, Pricing Models, Cost Allocation, Energy Trading, Forward Hedging, Market Manipulation, Distribution Regulation, and Policy for Clean Energy Innovation.  Assumes some knowledge about the engineering, economics, and regulation of the power sector. Prerequisite: API-102, IGA-410 or equivalent.
Permission of the instructor required. Please note, for 2014-15, HUCE energy consortium students may take this course in lieu of API-164.

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Energy in Architecture
Graduate School of Design Course #: SCI-06122-00
Kiel Moe
Fall Term
Description: This lecture course introduces students to energy and environmental issues, particularly those that must be faced by the discipline of architecture. An overview of the basic principles of energy generation and energy use will be provided, and the fundamental climatic precursors and patterns will be discussed. Building design issues in relation to basic energy needs and interior environmental requirements will be briefly outlined, and students will be exposed to the underlying complexity of developing solutions that address a wide range of local and global concerns. In addition, the technological response to interior environmental control will be contextualized within the larger framework of the scientific and socio-cultural influences that shaped the building systems we currently use.

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Energy Policy: Technologies, Systems, and Markets
IGA-410
Harvard Kennedy School
Henry Lee
Fall Term
Description: Energy is a critical component of every dimension of human society. It is an essential input for economic development, transportation, and agriculture, and it shapes national and international policies in the environmental, national security, and technology arenas. IGA-410 is an introductory energy policy course which introduces students to the policy and economic dimensions of the energy choices to meet societal goals -- both global and domestic. Oil and gas markets, electricity policy, technology innovation, renewable energy, energy efficiency, climate change and global energy politics will be covered. The first part of the course introduces students to quantitative and qualitative analytical tools to assess energy problems and the fundamental concepts of energy policy. The second part relies heavily on case studies to explore specific challenges, which will allow students to apply the tools acquired in the first segment. Previous exposure to micro-economics is useful, but not required.
Please note, for 2014-15, HUCE energy consortium students may take this course in lieu of API-164.

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Energy within Environmental Constraints
FAS Engineering Sciences 137, catalog Number 19461
David Keith
For Undergraduates and Graduates
Fall Term
Description: This course provides a systematic introduction to the energy system for students in engineering and applied sciences. Students should gain a working understanding of the some of the most important energy technologies, from prime movers--gas turbines, steam cycles, and reciprocating engines--to secondary energies including fuel production and refining technologies and the electricity transmission and distribution system. The course aims at a systematic understanding of the energy system's environmental footprint as a tool to help students who will work to reduce it. Energy is a commodity. One cannot hope to re-shape the energy system to meet environmental constrains without a rough working understanding of energy markets--costs, prices and elasticities of supply and demand. So the course will integrate engineering economics and other applied social sciences into the treatment of energy technologies to enable a system's view of energy.
Prerequisites: Advanced high school mathematics, chemistry, and physics.

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Environmental Journalism 
JOUR E-162 (14540) 
Harvard Extension School   
Joy Horowitz MSL, Contributing Editor, Los Angeles Review of Books 

Fall 2014
Description: The aim of this course is to teach students how to produce newsworthy stories on environmental topics, ranging from climate change to toxins in the environment to sustainability. Part of the course focuses on the basics of environmental science and reporting in order to incorporate that knowledge into journalism. The goal is for students to understand the fundamental elements of an environmental story expert opinion, data analysis, real people, impact, and descriptive writing and interweave them into a finished product. We also focus on how freelance writers can successfully pitch environmental stories to editors, from op-eds to feature-length pieces. Students are introduced to the basics of environmental law, investigative environmental reporting, nature writing, climate change, energy and sustainability issues, communicating risk, toxicology, epidemiology, advocacy journalism, and dealing with spin. Also includes guest speakers from the worlds of environmental journalism and environmental science.

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Environmental Law and Policy Clinic (8008) 
Harvard Law School      
Wendy B Jacobs 

Fall 2014
Description: The Emmett Environmental Law and Policy Clinic (ELPC) offers students an opportunity to do hands-on, meaningful, real-life, and real-time environmental regulatory, policy and advocacy work. Clinic offerings include local, national, and international projects covering the spectrum of environmental issues, under the leadership of Director and Clinical Professor Wendy Jacobs. Clinic students work on policy projects and white papers, regulatory and statutory drafting and comments, manuals and guidance to help non-lawyers identify and protect their rights, litigation and advocacy work, including developing case strategies, research and drafting briefs (filed in state and federal courts, including the U.S. Supreme Court), preparing witnesses and their testimony, meeting with clients and attending and presenting at administrative and court hearings. Our clients include state and municipal governments, non-governmental organizations, advocacy and community groups, and research and policy institutions. The subject matter varies each semester, but is likely to include climate change mitigation and adaptation, offshore drilling and water protection, sustainable agriculture/aquaculture, ethics in the study of human exposure to environmental contaminants, and development of legal frameworks for emerging technologies such as carbon capture and sequestration, extraction of natural gas by hydraulic fracturing, and green infrastructure for management of stormwater.
Please note: Some ELPC students work off-campus with government agencies and nonprofit organizations, while others work on campus at the Clinic on cutting-edge projects and case work. Students are carefully matched to their projects/placements by the Clinic Director.

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Environmental Management I 
Harvard Extension School, ENVR E-101 (11925) 
John D. Spengler PhD, Akira Yamaguchi Professor of Environmental Health and Human Habitation, Harvard School of Public Health

Joseph Allen DSc, Assistant Professor of Exposure Assessment Science, Harvard School of Public Health
George D. Buckley MS, Assistant Director of the Sustainability and Environmental Management Program, Harvard Extension School
Fall 2014
Description: This course surveys the scientific principles of environmental issues and environmental management practices, with attention to the health of both humans and the ecosystem. Fundamental and emerging topics related to air and water pollution, water use and management, aquatic ecosystems, energy and climate change, biodiversity, toxic substances in the environment, solid waste management, and regulatory strategies for risk assessment and environmental management are examined. A local aquatic field trip is planned on a weekend in the fall with alternatives provided for distance students. Other optional site visits are scheduled throughout the semester.

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Great Power Competition in the International System
IGA-116 
Harvard Kennedy School   
Nicholas Burns 

Fall 2014
Description: This course will focus on the future balance of power in the world and cooperation as well as competition among the Great Powers. We will study the rise of China, India and Brazil to global power in the decades ahead and assess whether these countries are prepared and willing to lead effectively. We will look closely at the changing nature of American power. In addition, we will focus on the relationship between the United States and China and their likely competition for strategic influence in the Asia-Pacific region. We will also investigate whether the Russian Federation and European Union will be more or less influential in the future. The major objective of the course is to reflect on how this group of countries and other regional powers can work together to address some of the principal challenges of the new century including the avoidance of conflict in the South and East China Seas, limiting nuclear proliferation, enhancing cooperation on energy, and dealing with the dilemma of intervention in wars in the Middle East and Africa.

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High Performance Buildings and Systems Integration 
Harvard Graduate School of Design   (SCI 0645000 – Section 00) 
Ali Malkawi
Fall 2014
Description: The interrelationships of environmental control systems as they relate to high performance/well integrated buildings will be explored in details. The course will address the main principles of such buildings and allow participants to develop their critical views about buildings’ environmental performance. Projects such as residential, educational and commercial buildings will be analyzed. Systems integration and innovations will also be studied. Other factors affecting high performance buildings such as energy standards and how they relate to current sustainability rating systems globally will be discussed. The relationship between energy conservation and the principles of initial building cost versus life cycle costs will also be presented.

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Hybrid: Catalyzing Change Sustainability Leadership for the Twenty-First Century
Harvard Extension School, ENVR E-117 (13543) 
John D. Spengler PhD, Akira Yamaguchi Professor of Environmental Health and Human Habitation, Harvard School of Public Health; Leith Sharp MEd, Director, Executive Education for Sustainability Leadership, Center for Health and the Global Environment, Harvard School of Public Health 

Fall 2014
Description: We need an army of skilled change managers to navigate the complexity and urgency of our global environmental crisis. To inspire and enable people of all persuasions to engage in effective sustainability leadership, as part of an existing or new career path, this course enhances individual change agency skills as applied to a variety of organizational contexts (education, business, government, nonprofit, church, community). It explores what leadership for sustainability is, including the competencies, skills, knowledge, and strategies needed. The personal, organizational, and technical dimensions of effective change management are addressed. A variety of case studies and examples of sustainability in practice, including green building design, renewable energy, and environmental purchasing are explored. Harvard University is one of the primary case studies.

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Innovation in Business, Energy, and Environment 
Harvard Business School - MBA Program    (1164 – Section 00) 
Prof. Rebecca Henderson, Prof. Joseph Lassiter and Prof. John Macomber 

Fall 2014
Description: IB2E has two objectives. The first is to explore the tools of finance, strategy, and marketing as businesses decide how to respond to opportunities - and threats - in conventional energy, new energy, water, food, transit, and related areas. The second is to enhance technical knowledge as the foundation for assessing many of these topics. In addition, the impact on these businesses of regulations, incentives, public opinion, and disruptions to supply chains are explicitly considered.
Typical cases involve new methods and technologies like hydro fracturing, wafers, membranes and materials, or sensors and "big data," or the deployment of innovative business models including optimization, collaborative consumption, and the circular economy. Firms range from startups to very large multinational corporations to investment firms, and from the environmentally dedicated to the environmentally noncommittal. Many firms are not primarily in the energy, water, power, agriculture, or similar businesses but rather experience cost or revenue problems stemming from pressures on these resources. Several not for profit organizations are also studied.
The course takes more of a business strategy and entrepreneurship approach than a policy approach. The course does not look deeply at macro issues in energy and geopolitics, nor extensively at corporate social responsibility. Current events in business, energy, environment, and Cleantech are frequently incorporated into class discussions.

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International Environmental Governance, Policy, and Social Justice 
Harvard Extension School, ENVR E-147 (14553) 
Andrew Tirrell JD, Lecturer on Environmental Studies, Tufts University 

Fall 2014
Description: This course examines both the policy decisions and social justice issues that drive human actions and responses to environmental challenges. We begin by exploring three foundational topics: environmental governance, the global commons, and natural resource valuation. Core concepts from these sessions will continue to arise as we progress into classes focused on particular sectors of environmental policy, such as climate change, sustainable development, energy, and conservation. Upon completion of the course, students are prepared to engage with issues from a wide range of environmental policy areas that touch upon a number of social justice dilemmas, and have further developed analysis, rhetoric, written expression, and negotiation skills that are essential to environmental policy and advocacy careers.

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Introduction to China's Energy and Environmental Challenges 
Harvard Extension School, ENVR E-169 (14535) 
Xi Lu PhD, Lecturer on Environmental Science and Public Policy, Harvard University 
Fall 2014

Description: China is now the world's second largest economy, the world's largest consumer of coal, the second largest consumer of oil, and the world's largest emitter of CO2. Coal accounted for 69 percent of total primary energy in China in 2011 followed by petroleum (18 percent), hydropower (6 percent), and natural gas (4 percent) with minor contributions from nuclear, solar, and wind. Rapid economic growth over the past three decades in China relied heavily on coal, not pointing the way to a sustainable model for future development. According to the annual statistical report by British Petroleum (BP), if production of coal in China were to grow at an annual rate of 3.5 percent as projected by BP for the 2010-2020 time period, China could run out of domestic supplies of coal by as early as 2032. In addition, combustion of coal in China contributes to a variety of air pollutants (SO2, NOx, and particulates), posing serious risks for public health. Understanding China's energy and environmental challenges requires knowledge of the complex web relating public policy, economic growth, energy use, local air quality, and the global climate system. This course provides a cross-disciplinary perspective on the development of the Chinese economy with emphasis on the energy sector, including analysis of related environmental problems. Energy options available for China's future are discussed, including opportunities for clean-coal technology, nuclear, wind, solar, hydro, and biofuels. The course discusses trade-offs implicit in these choices with respect to reconciling competing goals for environmental protection and economic development. The overall objective of the course is to explore options for sustainable development for the Chinese society and economy through 2050.

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Land Use and Environmental Law 
Harvard Graduate School of Design, SES 0520600 – Section 00
Harvard Kennedy School, SUP-663
Jerold Kayden

Fall 2014
Description: As a scarce and necessary resource for earthly activity, land triggers competition and conflict over its possession, use, development, and preservation. For privately owned land, the market manages much of the competition through its familiar allocative price-setting features. At the same time, because use of land in one location affects the interests of neighbors and the general public and because market mechanisms alone do not always protect or advance such interests, government has enacted land use and environmental laws that significantly affect how land is handled. Expressed through local ordinances, higher-level legislation, constitutions, discretionary governmental decisions, administrative regulations, judicial opinions, and private agreements, these laws affect the look, feel, character, and composition of cities, suburbs, and rural areas everywhere.

This course introduces students to the content and controversies of land use and environmental laws. No prior legal knowledge is presumed. The purpose of the course is to provide students with a basic understanding of the theories, rationales, techniques, and implementing institutions involved in legally controlling the possession, use, development, and preservation of land. Particular attention is paid to law’s intended and unintended impacts on the physical pattern of built environments and resulting social and economic outcomes, on the increasing overlap of land use law and environmental law regimes especially when climate change and urban resilience are front and center, and on the tensions between individual rights and asserted socio-economic goals often resolved within the context of constitutional law by the courts. Law’s approach is distinguished from those employed by other fields and disciplines. The role of the non-lawyer professional (planner, designer, public policymaker, developer, activist, etc.) in the crafting and implementation of land use and environmental laws is highlighted. Although United States law provides the principal material for the course, comparisons with legal regimes in other countries are regularly made. For better and worse, United States law has been a key reference point for planning and environmental laws worldwide.

The legal techniques explored in the course include laws dealing with zoning, subdivisions, growth management, transfer of development rights, exactions and impact fees, form-based codes, environmental impact reviews, wetlands and water, endangered species, clean air, solid and hazardous waste disposal, design review, environmental justice, climate change, historic preservation, energy siting, billboard/sign/cell tower controls, eminent domain, building codes, and private homeowner associations. Course readings are drawn from primary sources, including local ordinances, higher level legislation, constitutions, judicial opinions, and private agreements, and from secondary sources, including law review and journal articles, book excerpts, and professional reports. Assignments include a five-page paper and a final exam.

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RURBAN: Resilient Practices and Networks in the Contemporary City 
Harvard Graduate School of Design, STU 0150100 – Section 00 
Doina Petrescu, Constantin Petcu

Fall 2014
Description: The studio addresses the recent calls for collective urban action to confront challenges such as global warming, depletion of fossil fuels and natural resources, economic recession, population growth, social and ecological justice etc. While governments and institutions seem to be taking too long to reach agreement and act, many initiatives have started at the local level.

“Resilience” is a key term in the context of the current economic crisis and resource scarcity. In contrast to sustainability, which focuses on maintaining the status quo of a system by controlling the balance between its inputs and outputs, without necessarily addressing the factors of change and disequilibrium, resilience addresses how systems can adapt and thrive in changing circumstances

We need to become resilient: to adapt to change without collapsing and without changing our structural values. A city can’t become resilient without the involvement of its inhabitants.

How can we, as designers, support such involvement? What new roles should we play? What tools and means can be used at times of crisis and scarcity? How do we reactivate and sustain cultures of collaboration and sharing? How can progressive practices be initiated while acting locally and at a small scale?

The studio will research on bottom-up frameworks for resilient urban regeneration, based on the setting up of local ecological cycles that activate material (e.g., water, energy, waste, and food) and immaterial (e.g., local skill, socioeconomic, cultural, and self-building) flows between key fields of activity that exist already or could be implemented within the existing fabric of the city.

One of studio’s main references is the existing R-urban project initiated by AAA and partners in Paris and London (r-urban.net). This project will be critically analyzed and knowledge will be transferred in other contexts explored in the studio.

The studio will be located in New York. Students will design urban systems and agencies to build resilience capacity at different scales and across key fields of urban activity such as economy, habitat, transport, urban agriculture, culture. Each student can choose to focus on a specific scale and activity.

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Science of the Physical Universe 29. The Climate-Energy Challenge
FAS Catalog Number: 79392; Primarily for Undergraduates
Daniel P. Schrag (Earth and Planetary Sciences)
Fall Term
Description: This course will examine future climate change in the context of Earth history, and then consider various strategies for what might be done to deal with it. The likely impacts of continued greenhouse gas emissions will be explored, emphasizing the scientific uncertainties associated with various predictions, and how this can be understood in the context of risk. In the latter third of the class, the question of how to mitigate climate change will be discussed, including an examination of various options for advanced energy systems.

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Sustainability and International Business 
Harvard Extension School, MGMT E-5625 (14484) 
Maurie Kelly PhD, Director of Informatics, Institutes of Energy and the Environment, and Instructor of Risk Management, Smeal College of Business, Pennsylvania State University 

Fall 2014
Description: Sustainability in international business is more than simply adopting sustainable practices it has the potential to help companies gain competitive advantage. This course examines the global business environment in the context of sustainability and explores the challenges and opportunities that the new movement toward sustainability offers multinational enterprises and the countries in which they do business. It focuses on the meaning of sustainable development for profit-making global corporations, the effect of sustainability on global corporate development strategies, and how corporations and industries interact with nations to develop relationships and partnerships that support sustainable economic development. We investigate regions of the world such as Africa, Europe particularly Scandinavia Asia, and Latin America to learn about how multinationals are approaching sustainability in these regions. We also look at companies such as Unilever, Goodyear, SAB, Hitachi, Chevron, Coca Cola, and GlaxoSmithKline and study their specific approaches to sustainability. Topics covered in this course include corporate social and environmental responsibility; risk management; governments, investors, and stakeholder expectations; the social and environmental footprint throughout the business value chain; and impacts and opportunities for multinationals in the age of climate change.

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Sustainable Manufacturing and Supply Chain Management Operations 
Harvard Extension School, ENVR E-137 (14010)
Ramon Sanchez ScD, Assistant Director of the Sustainability and Environmental Management Program, Harvard Extension School 

Fall 2014
Description: This course provides a set of tools and skills to identify, evaluate, and improve the sustainability of supply chain operations. It enables students to understand core concepts of industrial and commercial activities so that they are able to design sustainable manufacturing and service operations. Students learn to define green warehousing and distribution activities, plan retrofits and capital investments in current and future productive operations to save energy, select green materials for new products, manage efficient new product introductions by designing sustainable factory operations, and learn how to use continuous improvement techniques and value stream mapping to reduce waste and environmental impacts while reducing costs.

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Sustainable Product Design and the Innovation Ecosystem 
Harvard Extension School, ENVR E-154 (14518)
Ramon Sanchez ScD, Assistant Director of the Sustainability and Environmental Management Program, Harvard Extension School

Fall 2014
Description: This course is for anyone who would like to learn how to design and launch a new product with the lowest environmental footprint. Students acquire many tools and skills in the course: how to do market intelligence (technological benchmarking and reverse engineering), how to incorporate real sustainability into new products (and identify green washing), how to use structured tools to enhance creativity and innovation to conceive and develop new products, how to design and implement a new product introduction process, how to do and implement the design of experiments to select the most robust features for products, how to write and submit a patent application to decrease legal costs, how to protect copyrights and trademarks, how to fund intellectual property by using funds from business incubators and accelerators, how to select the right materials and processes to minimize the product's environmental impacts (using green chemistry principles, sustainable sourcing of components, and sustainable certification for raw materials to promote conservation), how to reduce energy use by new products, how to build and test prototypes in an inexpensive way, and how to reduce the environmental impacts of packaging and transportation. Students also learn the basic components of an innovation ecosystem and how high technology hubs (Silicon Valley, Boston, New York) work.

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Transportation Planning and Development 
Harvard Graduate School of Design, SES 0530400 – Section 00 
Harvard Kennedy School, SUP-652
Onesimo Flores Dewey

Fall 2014
Description: This is an introductory course that examines the complex relationship between transportation, land use and urban form, and the varied instruments available to planners seeking to influence this relationship. The course is divided into three parts: First, we take a historical look at how technological innovations, socio-demographic shifts and political decision-making shaped the way people and goods move around cities today. We explore the contemporary ?urban transportation problem,? that extends beyond satisfying mobility needs into addressing the impact of transportation choices on energy use, equity, congestion, air pollution, safety, urban sprawl, etc. Second, the course provides an overview of alternatives available to transportation planners, as they attempt to (a) avoid long and unnecessary motorized travel, (b) shift the movement of people to socially efficient modes such as walking, biking, and public transit, and (c) improve the technology and operational management of transportation services. In this section, we survey transportation innovations increasingly discussed in cities around the world, such as bus rapid transit, congestion charging, adaptive parking and bike-sharing. Third, the course looks at how transportation planners craft projects and policies that are both technically sound and politically feasible, introducing (and critiquing) some of the tools and skills used by professionals in this field. Through lectures, discussions, case studies and written assignments, this course aims to introduce students to the field of transportation planning, and to develop their ability to critically evaluate plans and policies. No prerequisites. 

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US Environmental Law and Sustainability 
Harvard Extension School, ENVR E-162 (13998) 
Rick Reibstein JD, Environmental Analyst and Manager of Outreach and Policy, Office of Technical Assistance and Technology, Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs 

Fall 2014
Description: This course provides an overview of the major environmental statutes and the common and constitutional laws that are relevant to environmental protection in the United States. Law is examined from the point of view of its effectiveness in developing healthy and sustainable human societies that also honor the inherent value of nature. Students examine how we can use law to develop a cleaner, safer, and more stable economy, and to protect natural beauty and the resources our descendants will need.

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Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fall 2014 courses


The MIT Energy Initiative's list of Energy Classes can be found here.


Tufts University
Fall 2014 courses


Coming soon.

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CONTACT

Address:
Consortium for Energy Policy Research
Mossavar-Rahmani Center for Business and Government
John F. Kennedy School of Government
Harvard University
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Belfer 312
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Email:

Phone:
617.495.8693